Create Online Surveys with Q-Set.euIn the past 24 hours 4211 questions
have been answered.

Take part in online surveys on current topics.
Design of online surveys
  • Plan your survey
  • Create a questionnaire
  • Start your survey
In the glossary you find more information about
design of online surveys.
HomepageInstructionsMy online surveysSurvey participantsUser accountContact10 survey tips

Survey tip 7: Use questions with a clear temporal reference!

If you want to use questions involving facts or opinions within a certain period of time in the past, present or future you must define the time frame. It is important that the related temporal reference is clear.

Clearly ambiguous formulations such as "... recently...", ".. in the near future..." or "..previously.." and also "... during your childhood...", are completely at the discretion of the respondent and what they understand by them: "recently" can refer to the last three weeks or it can also mean the last three years

The following types of formulation are also ambiguous: "during the last week" (does it refer to the calendar week or the previous seven days before the survey?) or ".. when you were 16 years old" (does this refer to the beginning of the 16th year of your life or the end or something else?).

On the other hand, unambiguous formulations can use specific dates or times as an "anchor", for example: "... since the 1st of April", "..on your 16th birthday", ".. up until the 31st of January." or ".. in the last three working days...". Of course the use of such dates or times does not guarantee that the respondent will actually be able to confine their answers to these periods of time, but they do specify the time in which the answer should be confined.
Ein Arbeitsbuch
Aus der Reihe 'Studienskripten zur Soziologie' im VS Verlag
4. erw. Aufl. 2014. 203 S.
Autor: Rolf Porst
ISBN: 978-3658021177
Preis: 14,99 Euro
10 survey tips

Formulation of questions
Survey tip 1
Survey tip 2
Survey tip 3
Survey tip 4
Survey tip 5
Survey tip 6
Survey tip 7
Survey tip 8
Survey tip 9
Survey tip 10
Book tip

Legal notice | Privacy policy | The project Germany | Austria | Switzerland | United Kingdom | Italy | France Spain | Netherlands | Belgium | Liechtenstein | Czech Republic Poland | Tokelau | Russia | India | USA

© 2008-2024

Last updated: 14.04.2024